|Wallace B. Jefferson|
|Current Court Information:|
|Texas Supreme Court|
|Appointed by:||Gov. Rick Perry|
|Born:||July 22, 1963|
|Undergraduate:||Michigan State University|
|Law School:||University of Texas School of Law|
Wallace B. Jefferson was a justice of the Supreme Court of Texas. He was appointed to the court by Governor Rick Perry in March of 2001, and he was elected on November 5, 2002. Jefferson became the court's chief justice in 2004 and served in that position until September 2013. He retired on October 1, 2013.
Awards and associations
- 2012 Morton A. Brody Distinguished Judicial Service Award
- 1997 Outstanding Young Lawyer, San Antonio Lawyers Association
- "Pillars of the Foundation" award, North Side Independent School District
- 2010 President, Conference of Chief Justices
- Chair, National Center for State Courts
- 1998-99 President, San Antonio Bar Association
- Former director, San Antonio Public Library Foundation
- Former director, Alamo Area Big Brothers/Big Sisters
- Former member, Education committee, San Antonio Area Foundation
For information on Justice Jefferson's campaign fundraising, visit: Follow the Money: Wallace Jefferson.
|Wallace Jefferson||Yes||Chief Justice||Republican||53.1%|
|Jim Jordan||No||Chief Justice||Democratic||43.7%|
|Tom Oxford||No||Chief Justice||Libertarian||3.1%|
In his 2002 campaign, Jefferson raised roughly $1.14 million.
Notable cases=====On Exorcisms=
In a 6-3 vote, the Texas Supreme Court threw out a jury award over injuries a 17-year-old girl suffered in an exorcism conducted by members of her old church, ruling that the case unconstitutionally entangled the court in religious matters. The Supreme Court threw out the $188,000 that the Court of Appeals awarded. Justice David Medina wrote that finding the church liable "would have an unconstitutional 'chilling effect' by compelling the church to abandon core principles of its religious beliefs." But Jefferson, in a dissenting opinion, stated that the "sweeping immunity" is inconsistent with U.S. Supreme Court precedent and extends far beyond the Constitution's protections for religious conduct. "The First Amendment guards religious liberty; it does not sanction intentional abuse in religion's name," Jefferson wrote.
- Chief Justice Jefferson wrote an opinion article for the Dallas News after the Supreme Court overturned a conviction after an individual served 27 years in prison. To read it, visit: Dallas News, "Wallace Jefferson: It's time that the state investigates cases that resulted in DNA-evidence exoneration," January 29, 2008
In October 2012, political science professors Adam Bonica and Michael Woodruff of Stanford University attempted to determine the partisan ideology of state supreme court justices in their paper, State Supreme Court Ideology and 'New Style' Judicial Campaigns. A score above 0 indicated a more conservative leaning ideology while scores below 0 are more liberal. Jefferson received a Campaign finance score (CFscore) of 0.91, indicating a conservative ideological leaning. This is equal to the average CF score of 0.91 that justices received in Texas. The study is based on data from campaign contributions by judges themselves, the partisan leaning of contributors to the judges or, in the absence of elections, the ideology of the appointing body (governor or legislature). This study is not a definitive label of a justice, but an academic gauge of various factors.
- The Supreme Court of Texas, Chief Justice Wallace B. Johnson
- Official campaign website
- Project Vote Smart, Chief Justice Wallace Jefferson (TX)
- The University of Texas at Austin, "Alumnus Wallace B. Jefferson, '88, Appointed First African American Chief Justice of Texas Supreme Court," September 14, 2004
- Chief Justice Jefferson's 2011 State of Judiciary address
- The Supreme Court of Texas, Chief Justice Wallace B. Jefferson
- Office of the Secretary of State, 2002 General Election
- Texas Supreme Court Advisory, "Chief Justice Jefferson Announces His Resignation," September 3, 2013
- The Wichita Eagle, "Hecht chosen as new chief of Texas Supreme Court," September 10, 2013
- Texas Politics, "Characteristics of the Judiciary"
- Project Vote Smart, Chief Justice Wallace B. Jefferson (TX)
- Colby College, "Texas Supreme Court Justice to Receive Brody Award," March 20, 2012
- Texas Secretary of State, 2008 General Election Results
- Texas Secretary of State, 2002 General Election Results]
- Follow the Money: Wallace Jefferson 2002
- USA Today, "Texas high court rules exorcism protected by law," June 30, 2008
- Stanford University, "State Supreme Court Ideology and 'New Style' Judicial Campaigns," October 31, 2012