William Burnham Woods

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William Burnham Woods
WilliamBurnhamWoods.jpg
Current Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Justice
Position:   Seat #4
Service:
Appointed by:   Rutherford B. Hayes
Active:   12/21/1880 - 5/14/1887
Preceded by:   William Strong
Succeeded by:   Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar
Past post:   Fifth Circuit
Past term:   12/22/1869 - 12/23/1880
Personal History
Born:   August 3, 1824
Hometown:   Newark, OH
Deceased:   May 14, 1887
Undergraduate:   Yale, A.B., 1845
Law School:   Read law, 1847
Military service:   U.S. Army, 1862-1866

William Burnham Woods (1824-1887) was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. He joined the Supreme Court in 1880 after a nomination from President Rutherford B. Hayes. His service ended with his death on May 14, 1887. Prior to joining the court, he served as a judge for the United States Circuit Courts for the Fifth Circuit.[1]

Woods was one of three justices nominated to the Supreme Court, though only two were confirmed. He served during The Waite Court.[2]

Early life and education

Woods received his undergraduate degree from Yale College in 1845. He received his legal education by reading law.[1]

Military service

  • U.S. Army Major General, 76th Ohio Infantry, 1862-1866[1]

Professional career

  • 1868-1869: Chancellor, Middle Chancery Division of Alabama, Montgomery, Alabama
  • 1867-1868: Attorney in private practice and cotton planting, Montgomery, Alabama
  • 1866-1867: Attorney in private practice, Mobile, Alabama
  • 1857-1861: Member, Ohio General Assembly, 1857-1861 (served as Speaker and as Minority Leader)
  • 1856-1857: Mayor of Newark, Newark, Ohio
  • 1847-1862: Attorney in private practice, Newark, Ohio[1]

Judicial career

Supreme Court of the United States

Justice Woods was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Rutherford B. Hayes on December 15, 1880 to fill the vacancy left by Justice William Strong. He was confirmed by the Senate on December 21, 1880, and received commission that same day. He served until his death on May 14, 1887.[1] He was succeeded to this post by Justice Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar.

Circuit Courts for the Fifth Circuit

Woods was a federal judge on the United States Circuit Courts for the Fifth Circuit. He was nominated by President Ulysses Grant on December 8, 1869 to a new seat established by 16 Stat. 44. Woods was confirmed by the Senate on December 22, 1869, and received commission that same day. He served on this court until December 23, 1880.[1]

See also

External links

  • Biography from the The Ohio Judicial Center

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
NA - new seat
Circuit Courts for the Fifth Circuit
1869–1880
Succeeded by:
NA
Preceded by:
William Strong
Supreme Court
1880–1887
Seat #4
Succeeded by:
Lucius Lamar