William Howard Taft

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William Howard Taft
WilliamHowardTaft.jpg
Current Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Chief Justice
Position:   Seat #1
Service:
Appointed by:   Warren Harding
Active:   6/30/1921-2/3/1930
Preceded by:   Edward Douglass White
Succeeded by:   Charles Evans Hughes
Past post:   Sixth Circuit
Past term:   3/17/1892-3/15/1900
Past position:   Seat #2
Personal History
Born:   September 15, 1857
Hometown:   Cincinnati, OH
Deceased:   March 8, 1930
Undergraduate:   Yale College, 1878
Law School:   University of Cincinnati Law, 1880

William Howard Taft was the tenth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He joined the Supreme Court in 1921 after a nomination from President Warren Harding. From 1909 to 1913, Taft served as the President of the United States. He also served on the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit from 1892 to 1900.[1]

Taft holds a number of records for the federal judiciary. He is the only Supreme Court Justice to also serve as President and thus the only Justice to nominate another Justice. He was also the youngest judge appointed to a federal court of appeals at the time of his appointment. He was thirty-four when he was commissioned for the Sixth Circuit.[2]

Education

Taft received his undergraduate degree from Yale College in 1878 and his LL.B. from the University of Cincinnati College of Law in 1880.[1]

Professional career

  • 1913-1921: Kent professor of law, Yale University
  • 1909-1913: President of the United States
  • 1904-1908: United States Secretary of War
  • 1901-1904: Civil Governor, Philippine Islands
  • 1900-1901: President, U.S. Philippine Commission
  • 1896-1900: Professor and dean, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1890-1892: United States Solicitor General
  • 1887-1890: Judge, Superior Court of Ohio, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1885-1887: Assistant County Solicitor, Hamilton County, Ohio
  • 1883-1887: Attorney in private practice, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1882: Collector of internal revenue, City of Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1881-1883: Assistant prosecuting attorney, Hamilton County, Ohio[1]

Judicial career

Supreme Court

Taft served as the Supreme Court's tenth Chief Justice from 1921 to 1930. He was nominated by President Warren Harding on June 30, 1921. He was confirmed by the Senate on June 30, 1921, and received commission that same day. He resigned on February 3, 1930.[1] He was succeeded to this post by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes.

Sixth Circuit

Taft served on the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. He was nominated by President Benjamin Harrison on December 16, 1891. He was confirmed by the Senate on March 17, 1892, and received commission that same day. Taft resigned on March 15, 1900.[1] Taft was the youngest judge appointed to a federal court of appeals at the time of his appointment. He was 34 when he was commissioned for the Sixth Circuit.[2] He was succeeded to this post by Henry Franklin Severens.

See also

External links

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
NA - new seat
Sixth Circuit
1892–1900
Succeeded by:
Henry Franklin Severens
Preceded by:
Edward Douglass White
Supreme Court
1921–1930
Seat #1
Succeeded by:
Charles Evans Hughes