|Current Court Information:|
|Supreme Court of the United States|
|Title:||Former Chief Justice|
|Appointed by:||Ronald Reagan|
|Preceded by:||Warren Burger|
|Succeeded by:||John G. Roberts|
|Past post:||Supreme Court, Associate Justice|
|Born:||October 1, 1924|
|Deceased:||September 3, 2005|
|Law School:||Stanford Law, 1952|
|Grad. School:|| Stanford, 1948|
Harvard, M.A., 1949
|Military service:||U.S. Army, 1943-1946|
William Hubbs Rehnquist was the sixteenth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. President Ronald Reagan nominated Justice Rehnquist to the position of Chief Justice after the retirement of Warren Burger, and he was confirmed in 1986. At the time of his nomination, Rehnquist was an Associate Justice on the court. He joined the court in 1971 after a nomination from President Richard Nixon. He served as Chief Justice until his death on September 3, 2005.
Rehnquist earned a B.A. and M.A. from Stanford University, in addition to receiving his LL.B. from Stanford Law School. He also attended Harvard University for a second master's degree.
World War II erupted before Rehnquist had a chance to complete his education and the future Chief Justice enlisted in the Air Force branch of the army as a weather observer. He served in North Africa from 1943 to 1946.
- 1969-1971: Assistant U.S. Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel, United States Department of Justice
- 1953-1969: Attorney in private practice, Phoenix, Arizona
- 1952-1953: Law clerk, Justice Robert H. Jackson, Supreme Court of the United States
Supreme Court of the United States
Rehnquist was nominated to the position of Chief Justice by Ronald Reagan on June 20, 1986, to a seat vacated by Warren Burger. He was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on September 17, 1986 and received commission on September 25, 1986. He served as Chief Justice until his death on September 3, 2005. He was succeeded to this post by Chief Justice John G. Roberts.
Rehnquist was nominated to an Associate Justice position on the Supreme Court by President Richard Nixon on October 22, 1971, to fill the seat vacated by Justice John Marshall Harlan. He was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on December 10, 1971, and received commission on December 15, 1971. He served until he was elevated to chief justice in 1986. He was succeeded to this post by Justice Antonin Scalia.
|Author: William Rehnquist
Vote Count: 5-4
Majority Justices: O'Connor, Scalia, Kennedy
Concurring Justice: Thomas
Dissenting Justices: Stevens, Souter, Ginsburg, Breyer
The State, not the federal government, should provide a remedy (2000)While enrolled at Virginia Tech in 1994, Christy Brzonkala accused varsity Virginia Tech football players, Antonio Morrison and James Crawford, of raping her. In 1995, she filed a complaint through Virginia Tech's Sexual Assault Policy. Morrison was found guilty and began serving a two semester suspension. Nothing happened to Crawford. A second hearing found Morrison guilty, but eventually his sentence was decreased because it was determined that it was excessive. Brzonkala dropped out of Virginia Tech and sued the school and both men in the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia. She cited the violation of 42 USC section 13981, part of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA), which gives civil remedy for gender-motivated crimes.
On May 15, 2000, the Supreme Court determined that Congress lacked the power to enact this civil remedy as part of the Commerce Clause or the Fourteenth Amendment because it did not regulate interstate trade or address harm to the state. Rehnquist argued that it was not the federal government that should provide justice for Brzonkala, but the State of Virginia that should.
- William H. Rehnquist Center on the Constitutional Structures of Government at the University of Arizona
- ABA Journal, "Meet The William Rehnquist You Didn’t Know," February 28, 2010
- The New York Times, "Chief Justice Rehnquist Dies at 80," September 4, 2005
- Slate, "Rehnquist's Drug Habit," September 9, 2005
- Cfif.org, "Remembering Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist," September 8, 2005
- New York Times, "President Asserts He Will Withhold Rehnquist Memos," August 1, 1986
|Federal judicial offices|
John Harlan II
John G. Roberts
|Former chief justices||White|
|Former associate justices||
Baldwin • Barbour • Black • Blackmun • Blair • Blatchford • Bradley • Brandeis • Brennan • Brewer • Brown • Burton • Butler • Byrnes • Campbell • Cardozo • Catron • Chase • Clark • Clarke • Clifford • Curtis • Cushing • Daniel • Davis • Day • Douglas • Duvall • Field • Fortas • Frankfurter • Goldberg • Gray • Grier • Harlan I • Harlan II • Holmes • Hunt • Iredell • H. Jackson • R. Jackson • T. Johnson • W. Johnson, Jr. • J. Lamar • L. Lamar • Livingston • Lurton • Marshall • Matthews • McKenna • McKinley • McLean • McReynolds • Miller • Minton • Moody • Moore • Murphy • Nelson • Paterson • Peckham • Pitney • Powell • Reed • Roberts • W. Rutledge • Sanford • Shiras • Stewart • Story • Strong • Sutherland • Swayne • Thompson • Todd • Trimble • Van Devanter • Washington • Wayne • B. White • Whittaker • Wilson • Woodbury • Woods