Florida Supreme Court

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Florida Supreme Court
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Court information
Justices:   7
Founded:   1845
Salary
Chief:  $ 158,000
Associates:  $ 158,000
Judicial selection
Method:   Comm. select., Gov. appt.
Term:   6 years
Active justices


Fred Lewis  •  Barbara Pariente  •  Peggy Quince  •  Charles Canady  •  Ricky Polston  •  Jorge Labarga  •  James Perry  •  

Seal of Florida.png

Founded in 1845, the Florida Supreme Court is the state's court of last resort.

Justices

The current justices of the court are:
JudgeTermSelected by
Justice Fred Lewis1998-2019Gov. Lawton Chiles
Justice Barbara Pariente1997-2019Gov. Lawton Chiles
Justice Peggy Quince1998-2019Gov. Lawton Chiles
Justice Charles Canady2008-2017Gov. Charlie Crist
Justice Ricky Polston2008-2017Gov. Charlie Crist
Chief Justice Jorge Labarga2009-2017Gov. Charlie Crist
Justice James Perry2009-2017Gov. Charlie Crist


Jurisdiction

The Florida Constitution gives the Supreme Court manditory appellate jurisdiction over certain types of cases such as death penalty and public utilities cases, discretionary appellate jurisdiction over matters pertaining to the state constitution, and exclusive and non-exclusive jurisdiction over writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, quo warranto, and prohibition.[1]

Judicial selection

See also: Judicial selection in Florida

Judges are selected using the commission selection, political appointment method, where the Governor of Florida chooses from a list of three to six candidates recommended by the Commission on Judicial Appointments. Justices serve six year terms. The appointment of a justice must be confirmed by a retention vote in the next general election at least one year after taking office. [2]

Qualifications

Minimum qualifications for appoint to the court are:

  • Registered to vote in Florida.
  • Resident of Florida.
  • Under 70 years of age.

Removal of justices

Judges may be removed in one of two ways:

Caseloads

Jorge LabargaCharles CanadyRicky PolstonJames PerryBarbara ParientePeggy QuinceFred LewisFL Supreme Court.jpg
Florida Supreme Court justices, from left to right, top row: Jorge Labarga, Charles Canady, Ricky Polston, James Perry bottom row: Barbara Pariente, Peggy Quince, Fred Lewis
Year Filings
2009-2010 2,506
2008-2009 2,386
2007-2008 2,505
2006-2007 2,478
2005-2006 2,502
2004-2005 2,403
2003-2004 2,473
2002-2003 2,549
2001-2002 2,916
2000-2001 2,975

[4]

Salaries

The Associate Justices of the court receive $157,976 annually, and the Chief Justice makes the same $157,976. [5]

Notable decisions

The Florida Supreme Court has heard many cases of note, including the 2000 presidential election Florida recount case Bush v. Gore.[6]

History of the court

File:800px-FlaSupremeCrtBldgFeb08.JPG
Florida Supreme Court building

The composition of the Florida Supreme Court owes its origins to the influencing colonial powers of Spain and England. The resulting rules are a mixture of British Common Law and Spanish Crown Law. The 1838 constitution of the Territory of Florida provided for a Supreme Court, but the territory had no Justices specific to the Supreme Court, instead borrowing judges from the four judicial circuits in the state. When Florida became a state in 1845, this constitution was adopted. A 1940 amendment increased the number of judges to seven. Florida District Courts of Appeal were not founded until 1957 in an effort to reduce the caseload before the supreme court. From the courts founding until 1971 judges were chosen by direct election, but the court was changed to a commission selection, political appointment method.[7][8]

Notable firsts

  • Justice Peggy Quince is the first African American woman to serve as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. She is also only the second African-American and third female to serve on the court.[9]
  • Justice Joseph Hatchett was the first African-American to serve on the court.[10]
  • Justice Rosemary Barkett was the first woman to serve as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. She is also the first female, Arab-American and Hispanic woman to be appointed to the court.[11]
  • Justice Raoul Cantero was the first person of Hispanic decent to serve on the court.[12]

See also

External links

References


2012

CandidateIncumbencyOfficePrimary VoteElection Vote
ParienteBarbara Pariente   ApprovedAYes   ApprovedA
LewisFred Lewis   ApprovedAYes   ApprovedA
QuincePeggy Quince   ApprovedAYes   ApprovedA

2010

Florida Supreme Court, Associate Justice
2010 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Charles Canady BallotCheckMark.png 3,032,766 67.5%
Against retention 1,457,276 32.5%
Florida Supreme Court, Associate Justice
2010 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Ricky Polston BallotCheckMark.png 2,917,344 66.1%
Against retention 1,494,754 33.9%
Florida Supreme Court, Associate Justice
2010 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Jorge Labarga BallotCheckMark.png 2,623,144 59.0%
Against retention 1,825,270 41.0%
Florida Supreme Court, Associate Justice
2010 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
James Perry BallotCheckMark.png 2,741,271 61.7%
Against retention 1,700,729 38.3%
  • Click here for 2010 General Election Results from the Florida Secretary of State.
Main Article: Florida judicial elections, 2010

2006

Florida Supreme Court, Associate Justice
2006 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Fred Lewis BallotCheckMark.png 2,759,763 67.1%
Against retention 1,351,264 32.9%
Florida Supreme Court, Associate Justice
2006 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Barbara Pariente BallotCheckMark.png 2,772,413 67.6%
Against retention 1,328,674 32.4%
Florida Supreme Court, Associate Justice
2006 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Peggy Quince BallotCheckMark.png 2,787,041 68.2%
Against retention 1,296,966 31.8%
  • Click here for 2006 General Election Results from the Florida Secretary of State.

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