Maryland Court of Appeals
|Maryland Court of Appeals|
|Method:||Comm. select., Gov. appt.|
The Maryland Court of Appeals is the supreme court in Maryland. The court meets in the Robert C. Murphy Courts of Appeal Building in the state capital, Annapolis. The term of the Court begins the second Monday of September.
The court is composed of one chief judge and six associate judges. Unlike most other states, the jurists on the Maryland Court of Appeals are called judges, not justices.The Maryland Court of Appeals has 7 judges.
|Former Chief Judge Robert M. Bell||1991-2013||Gov. William Donald Schaefer|
|Judge Lynne Battaglia||2001-2022||Gov. Parris Glendening|
|Judge Clayton Greene||2004-2016||Gov. Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr.|
|Judge Glenn T. Harrell, Jr.||1999-2020||Gov. Parris N. Glendening|
|Judge Sally Adkins||2008-2018||Gov. Martin O'Malley|
|Chief Judge Mary Ellen Barbera||2009-2020||Gov. Martin O'Malley|
|Judge Robert N. McDonald||2011-2022||Gov. Martin O'Malley|
There is one judge from each of the state's seven Appellate Judicial Circuits and each judge is required to be a resident of his or her respective circuit. The circuits are currently as follows:
Maryland Court of Appeals Judicial Circuits
|1||Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico & Worcester Counties|
|2||Baltimore County & Harford County|
|3||Allegany, Carroll, Frederick, Garrett, Howard & Washington Counties|
|4||Prince George's County|
|5||Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles & St. Mary's Counties|
Robert Mack Bell was appointed to the court in 1991 by William Donald Schaefer, a Democrat. His current term expires in 2012. The Chief Judge of the Maryland Court of Appeals is selected by the Governor. As Chief Judge, Bell is the administrative head of the state's judicial system, according to the Constitution of Maryland.
Throughout the year, the Court of Appeals holds hearings on "the adoption or amendment of rules of practice and procedure and supervises the Attorney Grievance Commission and State Board of Law Examiners in attorney disciplinary and admission matters." The Court of Appeals has exclusive jurisdiction over death penalty appeals, legislative redistricting, removal of some officers, and is responsible for answering broad legal questions.
Judges are appointed to serve ten year terms by the Governor of the state, with the consent of the senate. At least one year after the appointment, the judge must run without opposition. If the judge is retained, he will serve a ten-year term, and all judges must retire by their 70th birthday.
"The Judges of the court are required to be citizens of and qualified voters in Maryland. Prior to their appointment, they must have resided in Maryland for at least five years, and for at least six months in the appellate judicial circuit from which they are appointed. They must be at least thirty years of age at the time of appointment, and must have been admitted to practice law in Maryland. Appointees should be "most distinguished for integrity, wisdom and sound legal knowledge."
Removal of justices
"Maryland judges may be removed in one of four ways: Judges may be removed by the governor upon the address of the general assembly with the concurrence of two thirds of the members of each house. Judges may be retired by the general assembly with a two-thirds vote of each house and the governor's concurrence. Judges may be impeached by a majority of the house of delegates and convicted by two thirds of the senate. Judges may be removed or retired by the court of appeals on the recommendation of the commission on judicial disabilities."
The Maryland Court of Appeals had experienced an excessive caseload, but in 1975, many cases were transferred to lower courts. The Court hears cases by way of certiorari.
|Fiscal Year||Appeals filed||Appeals disposed||Certiorari filed||Certiorari disposed||Total filings||Total terminations|
History of the court
The Maryland Court of Appeals was created in 1776 with the ratification of the Maryland Constitution. Specifically, the court was created by Article 56 of the constitution. The Court was to be "composed of persons of integrity and sound judgment in the law, whose judgment shall be final and conclusive in all cases of appeal, from the general court, court of chancery, and court of admiralty . . ." Since it's conception, the Governor has appointed all judges in the state. In 1778, five judges held court, but in 1801, the number was reduced by two. In 1806, the court restructured with six judicial districts--a Chief Judge and two associate judges per district. The Constitution was amended in 1851 to divide the state by four judicial districts, and judges were to serve ten-year terms. The Constitution was amended several times, but by 1960, the number of justices increased to seven, the size of the current court.
- News: Maryland Court of Appeals to hear ballot access case, January 31, 2012
- News: Maryland changes judicial rules to protect consumers from unjust debt collection, January 13, 2012
- News: Maryland court declares old law unconstitutional in lead paint case, October 28, 2011
- Maryland Court of Appeals Official Site
- Information from the Maryland Archives
- Maryland Constitution, Article IV: Judiciary Department
- Judicial Records from The Archives of Maryland
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Court of Appeals: Origin and Functions
- ↑ Makeover for Maryland's Highest Court The constitutional provision is MD. CONST. art. IV, §5A(f).
- ↑ Methods of Selection: Removal of Judges
- ↑ Maryland State Courts, "Publications"
- ↑ The Sunshine Review, "Maryland state government salary," August 17, 2011
- ↑ The National Center for State Courts, "Judicial Salary Resource Center" as of Jan. 1, 2010
|Former||Irma Raker • Dale Cathell • Joseph Murphy • Simon Sobeloff • Robert C. Murphy •|