United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit is a United States court of appeal. It was created by Congress with passage of the Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982.
The Federal Circuit is the only one of the thirteen federal appeals courts whose jurisdiction is determined entirely on the subject of the lawsuits it hears, rather than on the geographical location from which the appeal originated.
Specifically, it is the job of the Federal Circuit to hear all appeals from United States district courts related to:
- Non-tort monetary complaints against the federal government where the contested dollar amount is under $10,000 (the "Little Tucker Act").
- All appeals from decisions of any of the United States district courts where the original action included a complaint arising under the patent laws, except, as the Supreme Court has decided, not if the patent claims arose solely as counter-claims by the defendant.
- The other federal appellate courts can now hear patent counter-claims in theory. However, this happens infrequently.
The Federal Circuit's jurisdiction is set out as:
- Article I tribunals:
- United States Court of Federal Claims
- United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
- United States Trademark Trial and Appeal Board
- United States Board of Appeals and Interferences of the United States Patent and Trademark Office
- Boards of Contract Appeals (for government contracts)
- United States Merit Systems Protection Board (federal employment and employment benefits)
- United States International Trade Commission
- Article III tribunals:
- United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
- Judges of the Federal Circuit
- The Federal Circuit Bar Journal
- Recent opinions from Findlaw
- The Federal Circuit Bar Association
- The Federal Circuit Historical Society
- Holmes Group, Inc. v. Vornado Air Circulation Systems, Inc., 2005. A bill to eliminate this situation, H.R. 2955, was proposed on June 16, 2005 in the 109th Congress, but never passed.
- The White House:Press Release, "President Obama Names Two to U.S. Circuit Courts," September 29, 2010
|Former judges||Paul Michel • Randall Rader • Arthur Gajarsa • Daniel Friedman • Glenn Archer • James Almond • Jean Bissell • Phillip Baldwin • Marion Bennett • Arnold Cowen • Oscar Davis • Shiro Kashiwa • Don Laramore • Howard Markey • Jack Miller • Philip Nichols • Helen Nies • Giles Rich • Byron Skelton • Edward Smith • Edward Samuel Smith •|
|Former Chief judges|